Reforms/Acts during British Period

 

Reforms/Acts during British Period

1. Prohibition of Sati and Female infanticide 1829

Lord William Bentinck Supported by Raja Ramous Roy 2.
Doctrine of Lapse

1848

Lord Dalhousie

Adoption of sons by rulers in the absence of their
natural heirs was banned
3. Indian
Legislative Council Act

1861

Lord Canning

 

Envisaged association of Indians with the
administration at higher level.
4.
Elbert Bill

1883

Lord Ripon

To bring Indian and European magistracy on equal
footing
5. Indian Council Act

1892

Lord Lansdown

Membership of the central legislative councils was
enlarged
6.Minto-Morley Reforms

1909

Lord
Minto II

Separate electorates to widen the gulf between
Hindus and Muslims
7. Indian Councils
Act

1909

Lord Minto II

(See
Morley-Minto reforms)

1919
8.Montague-Chelmsford Reforms (Dyarchy)

Lord
Chelmsford

Meaning dual system of Government (See Rowlatt act)
9. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

1919

Lord
Chelmsford

Massacre
at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar by General Dyer
10. Rowlatt Act

Text Box: 1919

Lord Chelmsford

Extraordinary powers were given to government to
suppress the freedom struggle with General Dyer
as
the
Commandant

1927


Simon
Commission

Lord
Irwin

To report working of the reforms; recommended
diarchy in provinces India to be constituted as a
federation and Indianization of armed forces

1931
Gandhi-Irwin Pact

Lord
Irwin

Congress called off the agitation and agreed to
participate in the Second Round Table Conference
13. Communal Award

 

Text Box: 1932

Lord
Wellingdon

Envisaged communal representation for depressed
classes besides Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs
14.
Government of India Act

Text Box: 1935

Lord Wellingdon

Provided for a federal type constitution 15. Cripps Mission

Text Box: 1942

Lord Linlithgow

Proposed
Dominion status for India after the Second World War
16. INA Trial

Text Box: 1945

Lord
Wavell

INA prisoners of war were tried at Red Fort Delhi
and Jawaharlal Nehru defended them
17.
Wavell Plan

Text Box: 1945

Lord
Wavell

Envisaged constitution of executive council in such
a way as to give representation to all major
communities in India

Text Box: 1946


18.Cabinet Mission Plan

Lord
Wavell

Envisaged establishment of Constituent Assembly to
frame the Constitution
19. Indian
Independence Act

Text Box: 1947

Lord Mountbatten

India partitioned and
attained independence