Pre-partition History (712-1947)


 “Mohammad” is the real name of Mohammad Bin Qasim
and Amadudin is his Title.He was nephew and
son-in-law of Hajjaj Bin Yousuf the Governor of Iraq (Omayad Period).
He came to Sindh in 712.He was
to death in Iraq by Sulaiman. Sindh and Multan were conquered by Muhammad Bin
Qasim under
the reign of the Islamic
Caliph Walid bin Abdul Malik.

 The Dynasty founded by Qutbuddin is known as Slave
dynasty. Qutb-ud-din Aibak was a Turkic king of
Northwest India who ruled from his capital in Delhi where he built the
Qutub Minar and the Quwwat Al
mosque. He was of Turkic descent from central Asia, the first Sultan of Delhi
and founder of the
Slave dynasty (also
known as the Ghulam dynasty) of India. He ruled for only four years, from 1206
1210 AD. He died while playing polo
in Lahore.

 Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque is the name of a Mosque built
by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak near Qutb Minar at
“Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque” and “Qutab Minar” was completed by Iltumish.

 Panipat is famous is a famous town near Delhi. Three
important battles were fought on this ground.
1. First between Babur against Ibrahim Lodi in 1526 A.D.

Second was between Bairam against Hemu in 1556 A.D.

3.  The third
was between Ahmad Shah Abdali versus Marhata leaders in 1761 A.D.

 Firdausi wrote
Shahnama and was also a court poet of Mahmud of Ghazni.

 Ibn-e-Batota was a famous Moraco Traveler who stayed
in the court of Muhammad bin Taghluq for
years. He traveled over the quarter part of the world from China to India.
Ibn-e-Batota was at the
court of
Muhammad bin Taghluq.

 Malik Ghazi is the real name of Ghayas ud din Tagluq
(1st Tuglaq sultan).

 Jauna Khan is the
real name of Muhammad bin Taghluq. (2stTuglaq sultan).

 Alai Darwaza was
the structure constructed by Ala-ud-Din Khilji near Qutb Minar in 1311 A.D.

 Iltumish was the
first sovereign ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi.The first Sultan of Delhi to
issue regular


currency and declared Delhi as the capital of his
empir.The Chalisa or the Group of Forty was the nick
name of the forty leading slave officers of Iltumish.

 The Sultan Balban called himself Naib-e-Khuda or
Deputy of the God.The Diwan-e-Arz or the
of military affairs was created by Balban.

 The maximum number of Mongol invasions took place
during the reign of Ala-ud-Din Khilji.

 The state promoted
canal irrigation system was initiated by Feroz shah Taghluq.

 The Lodi Dynasty
was founded by Bahlol Lodhi.

 The Syed Dynasty
was founded by: Khizar Khan.

 The Buland
Darwaza is situated at Fatehpur Sikri.

 Gulbaden Begum
was the author of “Hamayun Nama” and sister of Mughal King Hamayun.

 “Ain-e-Akbari” is the renowned work of Abul Fazal
about the government of Akbar the Great. Abul al
Fazl was a son of Sheikh Mubarak. He was one of the Nau Ratans of
Akbar the Great. He wrote “Akbar-

 Din-e-Elahi was a new religion
invented in 1582 by Akbar to create tolerance and love among people of
Akbar prohibited the practice of Sati. Akbar the Great was born in Umar Kot.
Lahore Fort was built
in 1560 by Akbar.
Infallibility Decree was a document signed by Akbar in 1597, which authorized
him to
act as the supreme arbitrator in
civil and ecclesiastical affairs.

 Abu al-Fazal ibn Mubarak was the wazir of the great
Mughal emperor Akbar, and author of the
the official history of Akbar’s reign in three volumes, (the third volume is
known as the Ain-i-
Akbari). He was
also the brother of Faizi, the poet laureate of emperor Akbar.

 The Din-i-Ilahi ( “Divine Faith”) was a
syncretic religious doctrine propounded by the emperor Jalalu d-
Din Muḥammad Akbar (“Akbar the Great”) in
year 1582 A.D., who ruled the Mughal Empire from 1556 to
1605, intending to merge the best elements of the
religions of his empire, and thereby reconcile the
differences that divided his subjects. The elements
were primarily drawn from Islam and Hinduism, but
some others were also taken from Christianity,
Jainism and Zoroastrianism.

 Tabaqat-e-Akbari was the name of history written by
‘Nizam-ud-Din’ in 1593. It contains detailed
account of Ghaznavids to the 36th year of Akbar’s reign.

 Mullah Do Piazza was a Akbar’s chief advisor and one
of Navratnas.

 Buland Darwaza was built by Akbar the Great at
Fatehpur Sikri to commemorate his conquest of

 Sadr-us-Sadr is an officer of Mughal Administration.
He served as a liaison officer between the emperor
and the people.

 Madrassa Rahimia was established by Shah Abdur Rahim
at Delhi.

 Bairam Khan was a tutor of Hamayun and Akbar. He was
chiefly instrumental in the victory of Mughals
over Hamu in 1556.

 Noor Jahan was beloved Queen of Jahangir. She was an
accomplished lady and assisted her husband in
the affairs of state.


 Fateh Ali was the
Real name Tepu Sultan; he was defeated by the British in 1799.

 Amir Khusro is
called the “Parrot of India”.

Tughluq was the first sultan of Tughluq dynasty.

 Shahjahan real name was Khurram Shihab-ud-din.
Shalamar Bagh was built in 1642 by Shah Jahan.
Jahan Ara begum was the daughter of Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan Constructed
Jamia Masjid Thatta. The
Sheesh Mahal
(The Palace of Mirrors) is located within the Shah Burj block in
northern-western corner of
Lahore Fort.
It was constructed under the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1631-32.

 Moti Masjid (one of the Pearl Mosques) is a 17th
century religious building located inside the Lahore
Fort. It is a small, white marble structure built by
Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, and is among his
prominent extensions (such as Sheesh Mahal and Naulakha pavilion) to
the Lahore Fort Complex.

 The Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore is famous for its
extensive faience tile work. It was built by Hakim
Shaikh Ilm-ud-din Ansari, a native of Chiniot, who
rose to be the court physician to Shah Jahan and a
governor of Lahore.

 The Taj Mahal (“crown of palaces”) is a
white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.
It was built (1632-1653) by Mughal emperor Shah
Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The
Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the jewel of
Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired
masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. Ustad
Isa was the Chief Architect of Taj Mahal Agra.

 The biggest
Mosque built by Shahjehan in located at Delhi.Red Fort of Delhi was built by

 Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zakiriya was a great saint of
Suhrwardi branch of mysticism and flourished in

 Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Auliya was a Sufi of Chishtia

 The earliest coming Chashtia order Saints to Indian
was Khawja Moen-ud-Din Chashti and after that
Qutb-ud-Din Bakhtiar Kaki.

 Hazrat Ali Hajveri (Popularly known as Hazrat Data
Ganj Bux) belonged to Soharwardi order. Hazrat
Data Gunj Baksh came in Lahore in 1039 A.D. from the city of
Ghazni.Data Ganj Baksh is the author of

 Baba Farid Ganj Shakar was a saint of Chishtia

 The head of the
Suhrawardia Silsila is Shah Rukn-e-Alam.

 Hazrat Nizamuddin
Auliya’s Dargah is located at Delhi.

 Baba Farid Gang
Shakar was the first Punjabi poet.

 Waris shah is
called the ‘Shakespeare of Punjabi literature’

 Tomb named
Khawaja Moin ud Din Chisti is in Ajmer.

 Hazrat Bullay
Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi language. His tomb is in the city of

 Mohammad bin
Tughlaq introduced tokens currency firstly.

 Mehmood set out
on Somnath on17 October 1026 A.D.

 1st battle of Tarrin was fought between Muhammad
Ghouri & Rajput (1191), Ghori was defeated. In
1192 A.D, the 2nd battle of Tarrin, Ghori wins.


 Ahmed Shah Abdali was the King of Kabul.Ahmed Shah
Abdali defeated Marhatas in 1761 (the Third
Battle of Panipat).

 Pan Islamism introduced by Jamaluddin Afghani.

 Nadir Shah of Iran invaded Delhi during the period
of Mohammad Shah Rangila in 1739.

 The original name of Sultan
Siraj Doullah (the Nawab of Bengal) was Mirza Mohammad.

 Sindh was annexed
by Birtish in 1843 and was separated from Bombay in 1935 vide India Act 1935.

 Sheikh Ahmed Sirhandi is known as Majaddid Alf
Sani.Sheikh Ahmad Sirhandi was born in 1564 and
died in 1626.

 Real name of Shah Waliullah
was Ahmed and his historical name was Azimuddin. In Persian language

 Shah Wali Ullah translated the Holy Quran.Shah Waliullah born in 1703. He was died in 1762. “Hujjat-al-

was written by Shah Wali Ullah.

 Shah Alam II was
an ally of Mir Qasim in the Battle of Buxar in 1764.

 During Jehangir’s reign Sir Thomas Roe and Captain
Hawkins visited Moghul court to secure

 Haji Shariat Ullah was born in 1781. Haji
Shareetullah of Bengal was the founder of Farazi Tehrik in
1802. Farazi Tehrik meant to pay more attention on
fundamental of Islam.

 Syed Ahmed of Rai Brelli was the founder of Jehad
Tehrik against Sikhs. He was martyred at Balakot
(NWF) in 1831.

 The main aim of Brahma Samaj was Reform in
Hinduism.Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded Brahma Samaj.

 Arya Samaj was
founded by Dayanand Sirasoti. Arya Samaj was founded in1875.

 Wardha scheme
written by Zakir Hussain.

 East India Company was formed in 1600 in London. In
India French East India Company was
in 1664. British East India Company was established during the reign of Mughal

 Sultan Abdul Majid was Khalifa of Turkey.Non-cooperation
Movement was started during the days of

 In India the first gate of entrance of Europeans was

 Tomb of Hamayun
is in Delhi.Tomb of Jahangir is at Lahore.

 The real name of
Noor Jehan was Mahr-un-Nisa.

 Haren Minar was
built by Jehangir. ‘Hiran Minar’ was a favourite hunting ground of Emperor

 Sher Shah built
G.T. Road and Rohtas fort. Imperial Highway is the old name of G.T. Road.

Qubacha was a lieutenant of Muhammad Ghouri and served as Governor of Multan.

 The Temple of
Somnath was situated near the peninsula of Gujrat.

 Arabic coinage
was first introduced in Indian by Jalal-ud-Din Firuz.

 Babur the founder of Muhgal Dynasty in 1526 first
battle of Paini pat, died in 1530 A.D at Delhi. The
tomb of Babur is situated at Kabul. Bala Hisar Fort
is one of the most historic places of Peshawar. The


Bala Hisar is from Persian, meaning, “elevated or high fort”. It was built by
Zaheer-ud-Din Baber.

 Mahmud Ghaznavi is described as “the first pioneer
and path-finder for Islam in this country” by Lane

 Badshahi Mosque or the ‘King’s Mosque’ in Lahore,
commissioned by the sixth Mughal Emperor
in 1671 and completed in 1673, is the second largest mosque in Pakistan and
South Asia and
the fifth largest mosque
in the world.

 Bhakti Movement is a socio-religious movement
started by the cooperation of both Hindus and
Muslims in the sub-continent to create harmony between Hinduism and
Islam.Bhagat Kabir, Ramanand
Dadu and
Guru Nank were its major leaders.

 Nishat Bagh: – A garden established by Mughal King
Shah Jahan. It is in a Kashmir city Sirinagar.

 Pani pat: – A place situated in East Punjab. It has
seen three historic battles among the local rules of this
area. It is also called gateway to Delhi.

 Razia Sultana: – A daughter of Iltutmish succeeded
him to the throne on the desire of her father. Her
father preferred her as his successor over his
twenty sons.

 Rohtas Fort: – A Fort located near Jehlum River was
constructed by Sher Shah Suri as a defence against
Gakhars. Rohtas Fort was constructed by (on Sher
Shah’s order) Todar Mal.

 The Mohabbat Khan Mosque is a 17th century Mosque in
Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, Pakistan.
is named after the Mughal governor of Peshawar Nawab Mohabbat Khan who served
under Emperors
Shah Jehan and Aurangzeb.

 Purana Qila (Old Fort) is the inner citadel of the
city of Dina-panah, founded by the second Mughal
Emperor, Humayun in 1533 and completed five years later.Purana Qila
and its environs flourished as the
city of Delhi.

 The ruler of Sindh was Dahar, son of Chuch.

 Abu Raihan Al-Biruni (a mathematician, philosopher,
astronomer and a Sanskrit scholar) was born in
Khwarizm (modern Khiva) in 973. He spent his early life under the
patronage of Khwarizm Shah. He
for a while at the court of Qabus in Tabaristan where he dedicated his
monumental work, the
Chronology of the
Ancient Nations, to Qabus. In 1017 Mahmood took him to Ghazni. He spent several

years in the sub-continent and probably died
in 1048.

 Balban was son of a Turkish noble of the Ilbari
tribe. He was captured by the Mongols and sold in
Baghdad to Khawaja Jamal-ud-din Basri. Later in 1232
he was taken to Dehli and sold to Iltutmish.

 Tan Sen was a famous musician of Akbar’s time. He
had introduced a number of Rags in the Indian
music industry.

 Vasco-da Gama was a navigator. He was Portugees. He
discovered first of all a direct route to India in

 Faizi was famous character of Akbar’s Court. He was
the brother of Abul Fazl. He was one of the nobles
of that era.

 Todal Mal was an advisor/wazir of great Mughal King
Akbar. He introduced and implemented the


system in the subcontinent successfully.

 Birbal was one of
the Nobels of Akbar the great. He was one of the Nau Ratan of Akbar.

 Gautama Buddha
was the founder of Buddhism.His real name was Siddharta.

 Ashoka was the
greatest ruler of Maurya dynasty. Chandragupta was the founder of Maurya

 Subuktigin was
the Father of Mahmood Ghazni.

 The foundation stone of the Sikhism’s holiest place
“Golden Tample” at Amritsar was laid by Hazrat
Mian Mir.

 “Harilal” is the son of Gandhi, who converted to
Islam but later reverted back to Hinduism.

 “WANA” is the
main town of South Wazaristan; “Miran Shah” is the main town of North
Waziristan and

is the main town of Kuram Agency.

organised the “Mehdi army”.

 “Khar” is a main
town in the Bajaur Agency of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of

 Oldest Mosque of
Sub-Continent is situated in Bhambore.( Sindh in thatta )

 Al-Firdusi and
Al-Beruni flourished in the reign of Mehmood Ghaznvi.

tayyab Ji was the first Muslim President of Congress.

 “Badr satellite” program is the series of the
robotic of spacecraft missions of Pakistan. It is the name of
Pakistani robotic telecommunication and low Earth
observatory satellites family. The first of satellites,
Badr-1, was launched on 16 July, 1990.

 Area of Pakistan in Million (Square Kilometer) in
round figures is about 0.8 Millions.

 “Transit Trade
Agreement” between Pakistan and Afghanistan in 1965.

 “My Leader” a
biography of Quaid-e-Azam was written by Z.A. Sulari.

 British occupied
Punjab in 1849; Sindh in 1843 and Balochistan in 1839.

 Privatization Programme began in Pakistan in 1991.

 From Peshawae to Landi Kotal there are 34 tunnels.

 Dera Adam Khel is
called gun factory of the tribal areas.

 “Kishan Ganga
Dam” of India is building up on river Neelam in Kashmir.

 “Gomal Zam Dam” is a hydro-electric power and
irrigation project in northwest Pakistan. It sits on the
Gomal River in the South Waziristan Agency.

 “Makli Hill” is supposed to be the burial place of
some 125,000 local rulers, Sufi saints and others. It is
located on the outskirts of Thatta, the capital of
lower Sind until the seventeenth century, in what is the
southeastern province of present-day Pakistan.

 Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences
and Technology (also referred to as GIK Institute
or GIKI, pronounced JeeKee) is one of the top
ranking engineering institutes in Pakistan. The university is
situated beside the river Indus in the mountains of
Tarbela and Gadoon-Amazai, in the Khyber-
near the town of Topi and in proximity to the lakes of Tarbela and Ghazi.

 . “Margalla
Hills”—also called Margalla Mountain Range are the foothills of the
Himalayas—are a series


small-elevation hills located north of Islamabad, Pakistan.

 Moulvi Munishi
Mahboob Alam started Paisa Akhbar.

 UAE is the second
largest buyer of Pakistan’s exports after USA.

 “Sapta Sindhu”—— In
fact Word Sindh is derived from Sapta Sindhu which means seven rivers. They

form delta for PakistanThese seven rivers were the
source of irrigation of a very large area of Indian sub
continent.As Sindh River gave a name to areas
located beyond Indian Gujrat and Punjab.It is an absolute
reality that in the old Indian History Hindh and
Sindh were two separate countries which were divided by
natural boundries created by SAPTA Sinhdu comprising
upon seven rivers.

 “Pasni” is a medium-sized town and a fishing port in
Gwadar, Balochistan.

 Jiwani or Jwani is a town and commercial port that
is located along the Gulf of Oman in the Gwadar
District of the Balochistan.

 “Majma’ ul Baharain” or The Mingling of Two Oceans
was authored by Muhammad Dara Shikuh.

 Ameer Sadiq
Muhammad-v was the last ruler of Bahawalpur State.

recognized People’s Republic China in 1950.

 “Mullah Do-Piyaza”, according to popular folk tales
of northern India, was among the Mughal emperor
Akbar’s chief advisors.

 “Moumin-i-Majmai-Mohammadi” journal was started from
Sindh Madrasa-tul-Islam.

 The resting place
of Imam Bukhari is in Uzbekistan.

 The ‘Silver
Fibre’ of Pakistan is cotton.

 “Muslim Bagh” is a town of Qilla Saifullah
District in the Balochistan province of Pakistan.It is famous
for chromite.

 “Khanpur Dam” is a dam located on the Haro River
near the town of Khanpur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

 Rajanpur district
of Punjab has the least population density.

 “Malakand Pass”
connected Peshawar with Chitral.

 “Lowari Pass” is
a high mountain pass that connects Chitral with Dir in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

 “ Tilla Jogian” is the highest peak in the Eastern
Salt Range in Punjab, Pakistan. Rohtas, Pakistan Fort is
located to the east of Tilla Jogian at a distance of
about 7 km from Dina, a rapidly expanding town on the
Grand Trunk Road.Tilla Jogian also finds mention in
the epic love poem Heer Ranjha of Waris Shah. For
the Sikh Punjabis there is also significance to
Tilla Jogian as Guru Nanak Dev ji, the founder of Sikhism is
said to have spent 40 days in quiet seclusion at
Tilla Jogian. The Sikhs during the rule of Maharaja Ranjit
Singh made a stone pond here in his memory.

 “Ramzay Maccdonald” was the man who presided over
the all round table conferences of 1930-32,
these all conferences were held in London.

 In 1946, Liaqat Ali Khan Presented poor mans budget.

 Pakistan left Commonwealth in 1972 when Bangladesh
was recognised by Commonwealth and
rejoin Commonwealth as 49th member in 1989.

Women Protection Bill was passed on
15 Nov 2006.


 MAO College (or Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College)
was founded by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, the
of Muslim renaissance in Indian subcontinent, in 1877 at Aligarh. This later
became Aligarh Muslim
University in
1920. “An epoch in the social progress of India” – with these words
on his lips Lord Lytton
laid the
foundation stone of the Mohammadan Anglo Oriental College on January 8, 1877.
Sir Ziauddin
Ahmed was the first Indian
principle of MAO college, who later on become the most famous and longest

serving Vice Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim

 Diamer-Bhasha Dam is constructing on river Indus in
Gilgit-Baltistan, It will produce 4,500 megawatts
of electricity.

 Maulana Zafar Ali Khan was the chief editor of

 Which Muslim
newspaper supported the Nehru Report? Zamindar.

 Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulak
prepared the points Simla Depotation.

Headworks has been constructed on River Chenab.

 District Swat
belongs to Malakand Division.

 The biggest
market of Pakistan export and import is USA.

 The system of
‘Separate Electorate’ first introduced in Pakistan 1985.

 “Mohenjo-daro” (Mound of the Dead) is an
archeological site situated in the Larkana District of Sindh,
Pakistan,on a Pleistocene ridge in the middle of the
flood plain of the Indus River Valley, around 28
kilometres (17 mi) from the town of Larkana. The ruins of the city
were discovered in 1922 by Rakhaldas
A bronze statuette dubbed the “Dancing Girl”, 10.8 cm high and some
4,500 years old,
was found in
Mohenjo-daro in 1926.

 “Harappa” is an archaeological site in Punjab,
northeast Pakistan, about 35 km (22 mi) west of Sahiwal.
The site takes its name from a modern village
located near the former course of the Ravi River.

 The Red Fort (usually transcribed into English as
Lal Qil’ah or Lal Qila) is a 17th century fort complex
constructed by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the
walled city of Old Delhi that served as the residence
of the Mughal Emperors. It also served as the
capital of the Mughals until 1857.

 Blind Dolphins are found in river Sindh (Indus).

 “Kilik Pass” is
situated in karakuram range.

 The land which
lies between river Indus and river Jhelum is called Sindh Sagar.

 The historic site
“Mehrgarh” was discovered on the right bank of the Bolan River.

 When water accord
between provinces? 1991

 Where Rawal dam
constructed on river kurrang.

 Doab between
river Ravi and Chenab is called Rachna Doab.

 Bala Hisar fort
built by Babar.

 Who adminsitrated
the oath of Prime minister to liaqat ali khan? Muhamad ali Jinnah.

 Where copper
deposits in? Chagi.

 Who supported Pakistan
resolution from sindh province? Abdullah Haroon


India has constructed ‘Baglihar Dam’ in occupied Kashmir’s
district of

Human Development Center is located at:Islamabad

 In the absence of
President, who becomes the acting President of Pakistan:Chairman of the Senate

was the last ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate.

Iltutmish Sultans of the slave Dynasty reigned for the longest period.

 The change was effected by the Queen’s proclamation
and the government of India Act 1858.By a
issued on 1st November 1858, the Queen Victoria announced the transfer of the
empire of
the Company to the Crown.

 During the War of Independence the Governor General
was Lord Canning. He had assumed the charge
of his office in 1856.Lord Canning was the first Viceroy and the last Governor
General of India sub-

 Sir Syed Ahmed Khan (1817-1898) wrote a treatise in
1858 namely Risalah Asbab-i-Baghawat-i-Hind
(The Causes of the Indian Revolt). Sir Syed commenced the publication
of a series of pamphlets, The Loyal
of India.He also wrote a commentary on Bible know as Tabyin-ul-kalam, which
into a scholarly work on
comparative religion.

 Khutbat-e-Ahmadia was written in reply of “The
life of Mohammad” (William Myor) by Sir Syed Ahmad
Khan. In 1868, he produced a documented pamphlet,
Risalah Ahkam-i-Ta’am-i-Ahl-i-kitab.

 Sir Syed founded a school in Ghazipur in 1863 that
included English as a regular subject in its
curriculum.In 1864 he founded a Translation Society in Ghazipur which
later moved to Aligarh and
named as
scientific society.The chief object of this society was to get Standard English
books translated
into Urdu so as to
make it possible for the Muslims to get acquainted with the latest developments
Western thought.

 Sir Syed became
member of Legislature Assembly in 1778.

 In 1875 Dayananda Saraswati started a movement
called Arya Samaj. This gave birth to a violent Hindu
reaction to foreign influences. He also began the
Shuddhi movement for conversion of non-Hindus,
particularly Muslims of Hindu origin to Hinduism. In 1882 Dayananda
formed a Cow Protection Society to
Hindu feelings against Christians and Muslims for slaughtering cows and oxen.

 A Hindu political organization known as the Indian
Association came into being in Calcutta in 1876.The

Indian Association was established by a few educated Bengali
Hindus led by Babu Surendranath Benerjea.
It was
forerunner of the Indian National Congress. Muslims had no role in Indian Association.

 In December 1887 a
Bombay Muslim Badruddin Tyebji presided
the 3rd session of the Indian National
Congress. George Yalle was first president of All India Congress.

 Sind Madrassat-ul-Islam was set up by Hassan Ali
afandi on 1st 1885 and it was inaugrated by Lord

 Syed Ahmed Khan born on 17th October, 1817 in Delhi
& died March 27, 1898 at Ali Gargh.Sir Syed is
buried beside Sir Syed Masjid in Aligarh Muslim

 Bankim Chandra Catterjee started a literary movement
in Bengal and identified nationalism with the


religion.Militant Hindu Nationalism was started by B.G. Tilak.

 In 1892 Indian Council Act was passed. It enlarged
the legislative councils and extended their
functions. In the Imperial Council the number of additional members
was fixed between 10 and 16, of
not more than six were to be officials.

 In 1835, English
was made official language of India.

 The original name of Mohsanu-ul-Mulk was Mehdi Ali
Khan. Original name of Waqaul Mulk was Molvi
Mushtaq Ahmad.

 Sir Agha Khan remained permanent president of ML
till 1913. 2nd President of AIML was Sir Ali
Mohammad Khan when Agha Khan III resigned in 1913.

 Punjab branch of All India Muslim League was
established by Muhammad Shafi in 1907.Poona branch
of All India Muslim League was established by Rafeeh
Ahmad in 1907.Bengal branch of All India Muslim
League was established in 1909.

 First Public session was held in Pattna in 1938
headed by Quaid-e-Azam.

 Jamia Milia
Islamia was established in 1920 by Muhammad Ali Johar.

 Tableegh & Tanzeem were launched by Hassan
Nizami.Swarajia Party was formed by Moti Lal Nehru &
Hakeem Ajmal Khan.Tehrik-e-Tanzi,-e-Nou was formed
by Saif-ud-din Chakklo

 Simon Commission
submitted its report in 1930.

was formed by Zafer Ali Khan.

 Idea of Round
Table Conferences was given by Lord Irwin in 1929.

 Govt of India Act of 1935 promulgated on 14 August
1935.According to Govt of India Act of 1935
Federal Assembly has 375 seats. According to Govt of India Act of 1935
Counsel of state has 260 seats.

 According to Govt of India Act of 1919 only 3% of
population can cast vote.According to Govt of India
Act of 1935 only 14% of population can cast vote.

 Counsel of secretary of state started in 1858 &
dissolved in 1935.

 Khaksar Movement
was launched by Inayat Ullah Mashraqi in 1931.

 Independant Party
was launched by Hasrat Mohani in 1932.

 Unity Conference
was held in 1932 at Allabad.

 Wardha Scheme of
1937 headed by Dr. Zakar Hussain.

 Peerpur Committee formed in 1938 headed by Raja
Muhammad Mehdi. Real name of Raja Sahb of
was Amir Ahmah Khan. Pirpur Report was prepared to investigate the tyrannies of

Congress on Muslims.

 Sharif Report submitted in 1939 by Bihar Branch.
Sharif Report was prepared to investigate the
cruelties on Congress in Bihar.

 Sikander-Jinnah Pact in 1937.

was inevitable” by Syed Hassan Riaz.

 Manshor edited by
Syed Riaz Hussain in 1938 till 1947 under Muslim league.


 Muslim League
National Guards was set up in 1939.

 Muslim Political
Party set up by Ghulam Hussain Hidyat Ullah.

Future of Muslims” by Taveel Ahmad Mangori.

set up by Nawab Bahadur Yar Jang.

 Muslim League established it s ministries in Sindh
in 1943.

set up by Shabeer Ahmad Usmani.

was launched by Zafer Ali Khan in 1917.

 Pona Pact was
signed on 25 September 1932.Ambidkar and Gandhi were the signatories of Pona

 Mahasabah was
founded by Madan Mohan Maluir.

 “Father and
Daughter” was written by Begum Shah Nawaz.

 “Transfer of
Power in India” was written by V.P.Menon.

 Waris shah is called the ‘Shakespeare of Punjabi
literature’.Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet
of Punjabi language. His tomb is in the city of

 Pan Islamism introduced by Jamaludding Afghani.

 Sindh was annexed
by Birtish in 1843 and was separated from Bombay in 1935 vide India Act 1935.

 Sheikh Ahmed Sirhandi is known as Majaddid Alf
Sani.Sheikh Ahmad Sirhandi was born in 1564 and
died in 1626.

 Mausm Khan, soldier of Titu Mir was sentenced to

 “Hajatullah al-Balaghah” written by Shah
Waliullah.Shah Waliullah born in 1703. Shah Waliullah died
in 1762.

 Haji Shariat Ullah was born in 1781. Haji
Shareetullah of Bengal was the founder of Farazi Tehrik in
1802. Farazi Tehrik meant to pay more attention on
fundamental of Islam.

 Sir John Marshal ordered digging of Moen Jo Daro in

 In Indai English
education was first initiated in Bengal in 1835.

 Madressah Rahimiya
was established by Shah Abdul Rahim.

 Islamia High
School Peshawar was founded in 1890.

 Kashmir was sold
to Gulab Singh in 1845.

 Lord Minto came to India as viceroy in 1905. Minto
Morley reforms came into India in1909. In Minto
Morley reforms, Minto was Indian Viceroy and Morley was state
secretary for India. Rowlatt Act was
in 1919 by Sir Sydney Rowlatt.

 Montague-Chelmsford report was published in 1918
& became law in 1919.

 Muslim League
demanded principle of self rule for India in 1913.

 All India Central Khilafat Committee was formed on
23 Sep. 1919.Khilafat Delegation met Lord
in 1920 under Dr. Ahamad Insari. Migration Movement (1920) 1800 Muslims

 Non-cooperation Movement was started during the days
of Khilafat Movement. Maulana Azad and
Abdul Bari issued the Fatwa in favour of Khilafat Movement.Gandhi announced the
end of 
Movement.Tragedy of Chora Churi happen on 4 February 1922.

 Shuddi and Sangathan movement was started at the end
of Tahreek Khilafat.Sangathan movement was
by Pandit Malavia.Treaty of Lausanne was signed in 1923.

 Lord Rippon is associated with the Hunter
Commission. Lord Dalhousie is associated with Wood’s
Dispatch. Lord Cornwalls is associated with permanent
settlement of Bengal.

 Moulana Shoukat Ali, the elder brother of M. Ali was
born in 1872 and died on 28th Nov 1938 and
at Jamia Mosque Delhi.

 Jinnah got admission in at Gokal Das Teg primary
school Bombay at the age of 10 he studied for 5 ½
months. Jinnah went to London and got law degree at
the age of 18 forms LINCONINN.

 Ratna embrassed Islam
on 18th April 1918 and married Jinnah
on 19th April 1918. Before that she was

Parsi. She died on 20th Febrary 1929 and was
buried in Aram Bagh Bombay.Dinna; the daughter of Jinnah
was born on 14th August, 1919. Dinna married a Parsi
boy named Navel Wadya.

 Jinnah left the
lawyership after 23rd March, 1940.

 Pakistan national movement was founded by Ch. Rahmat

 In 1945, Labour
Party came to power.

 In 1945 elections
Muslim League won 428 out of 492 seats.

 In 1946, Quaid decided to join Interim government in
India.In interim government Muslim League got
portfolis of Finance & Liaquat Ali was Finance Minister.

 J.N.Mandal was the non-Muslim member who became a
minister in interim government on ML behalf.

Ministry was in Punjab. Founder of Unionist Party in Punjab was Sir Fazal

 Real name of Gandhi was Mohan Das Karam Chand

 Burma separated
from India in 1937 and was made independent in 1947.

 Sindh asssembley
passed the resoluation for the creation of Pakistan firstly on June 26, 1947.

 “Divide and Quit” is wtitten by Penderel Moon.

 Liaquat Desai pact was concluded in 1946.

 On 18th July, 1947,
British parliament passed Indian Independence Bill.

 Inquilab Zindabad slogan was given by Mohammd Iqbal.

 Population of
Pakistan at its birth was 34 million.

 Jinnah Awami league is the first opposition party of
Pakistan. It was founded by Abudl hameed
in 1950.

 Ayub khan laid down foundation stone of Quaid’s

 On 27th August,
1947. Pakistan admitted as Member of the Food and Agriculture Organization of

 U.S. embassy in Karachi was established August 15,

 Last Governor of the undivided Punjab was Sir Even

 Hafiz Abdul
Majeed was appointed as Chief Secretary, West Punjab on 18th August, 1947.

 Friday was declared as half working day on August
22, 1947.


established diplomatic relations on 22nd August, 1947.

 AThe Secretary of
the Indian Ministry of States? V.P. Menon

 Liaquat visited
India in April 1950.

 Quaid-e-Azam died on September 11, 1948 due to
Cardiac Arrest. Jinnah passed away at 10:20 p.m in
G.G House Karachi and buried on 12th September, 1948
A.D.Funeral prayer of Quaid-e-Azam by Shabir
Ahmed Usmani.

 Basic Principles Committee set up by the Constituent
Assembly to frame a draft Constitution. Basic
Principles Committee presented its report in September, 1950.

 Planning Board turned into Planning Commission in

 Liaquat Ali Khan
visited USA in 1951. Liaquat Ali Khan spends in USA three weeks.

 Title of the
published collection of Liaquat’s speeches meant to introduce Pakistan to the
West was

Heart of Asia”.

 Conspiracy to
overthrow Liaquat Government come to light Rawalpendi in March 1951.

 Jamilla was the first Muslim girl who hoisted Muslim
League flag on the Punjab Secreterat, Lahore