IMPORTANT BALLTLES OF HISTORY

 

Important Battles in Indian History.

 

No.

Name of the Battle Period

Battle between Won
by
Significance

1

Battle Hydaspes 326 BC

Alexander and Porus Alexander

 Fought on the banks of the Jhelum, which is called
‘Hydaspes’ in Greek; opened relations between India
and the West

2

Kalinga War 260 BC

AshokaandKing ofKalinga (Orissa) Ashoka

Vast destruction andbloodshed changedthe attitude of
Ashoka andheembraced Buddhism
3

First Battle of or Thaneswar 1191AD

Prithviraj Chauhan and Mohd Ghori Prithviraj Chauhan

 

4

Second Battle of Paipat 1192

Prithviraj Chauhan and Mohd Ghori Prithviraj Chauhan

 

Mohd.

Estabishmentof an Islamic empire in India Onset of the Mughal Tarain empire in India
5

First Battle of Panipat 1526AD

Ibrahim Lodhi and Babur Babur

Onset
of the Mughal Empire in India
6

Battle of Kannauj 1527AD

Babur and Rana Sangha Babur

 

7

Battle of Kannauj 1540 AD

Sher Shah and Humayun Sher Shah

Sher
Shah became emperor of India
8

Second Battle of Panipat 1556 AD

Akbar and Hemu Akabr

Ended
Afghan rule, strengthened mughal rule
9

Battle of Talikota 1564-65 AD

Combined forces of 4 Muslim rulers of Deccan and
Ramraja of Vijaynagar
Muslim forces

Destroyed HinduKingdom of the Deccan; sealed the
fortunes of Vijaynagar empire
10

Battle of Haldighati 1576 AD

Rana Pratap and Akbar Akbar

Rana Pratap fought gallantly and took refuge in a
remote fortress
11

 

Battle of Samugarh

 

1659
AD

Aurangzeb and Imperial forces led by Dara Aurangzeb


Aurangzeb captured the Mughal throne

Battle of Plassey 1757 AD

Siraj-ud-daula and English forces under Clive
English forces

Fought at Plassey. The English became masters
of British rule


Third Battle of Panipat
1761

Ahmed Shah Abdali and Marathas Ahmed Shah Abdali


Gave a setback to Marathas in the north;
sealed destiny of Mughal empire and made British entry easier

Battle of Buxar 1764
AD

Joint forces of Muslims and English English forces

Led to English occupation of India

Third Mysore War 1790-92 AD

English forces and Tipu Sultan English forces


Tipu Sultan had to sign treaty of the
Seringapattam

Fourth Mysore War 1799 AD

English forces and Tipu Sultan English forces


Fought at Malavali and brought the Mohammedan
dynasty of Mysore to end

First Sikh War 1854
AD

English forces and Sikhs English forces

Sikh
kingdom came under the British

 

18

Indo-Pak War 1948

India
and Pakistan

Fought in Kashmir, ceasfire agreed to on actual line
of occupation
19

Sino-India War 1962

China
and India

China invaded India on the north eastern front.
Ceasefire was agreed to on the intervention of other
countries

20

Indo-Pak War 1965

India
and Pakistan

Fought in the western sector, led to Tashkent Pact
between India and Pakistan; described as the heaviest
tank battle since World War II

21

Indo-Pak War 1971

India
and Pakistan

On Dec. 3. 1971 Pakistan attacked; India helped
Mukti Bahini on the eastern front and East Pakistan was
liberated: the state of Bangladesh was formed.